Last Updated September 28, 2020
Cookies are small text files sent from the site to the terminal of the interested party (usually to the browser), where they are stored and then retransmitted to the site the next time the user visits the site. A cookie cannot retrieve any other data from the User’s hard disk or transmit computer viruses or acquire e-mail addresses. Each cookie is unique to the User’s web browser. Some of the functions of cookies may be delegated to other technologies. In this document, the term ‘cookie’ is used to refer both to cookies as such and to all similar technologies.
Using cookies it is possible to record information relating to preferences, such as the pages navigated or the download of files from the site or other similar actions carried out while browsing the site.
FIRST OR THIRD-PARTY COOKIES
Cookies may be first or third-party cookies:
– First Party” means the cookies developed by the Owner of the site itself,
– Third Party” means cookies developed by Third Parties with respect to the Site Owner.
TYPES OF COOKIES
With regard to the nature of cookies, there are several types:
Technical cookies are those used for the sole purpose of “transmitting a communication over an electronic communication network, or to the extent strictly necessary for the provider of an information society service explicitly requested by the subscriber or user to provide such service” (see art. 122, paragraph 1 of the Code). They are not used for further purposes and are normally installed directly by the Owner or operator of the website.
They can be divided into:
– navigation or session cookies, which guarantee the normal navigation and use of the website (allowing, for example, to make a purchase or authenticate to access reserved areas); they are in fact necessary for the correct functioning of the site;
– analytics cookies, similar to technical cookies when used directly by the site operator to collect information, in aggregate form, on the number of users and how they visit the site itself, in order to improve site performance;
– functionality cookies, which allow the User to navigate according to a series of selected criteria (for example, the products selected for purchase, language, etc.) in order to improve the service provided to the same. The prior consent of users is not required for the installation of such cookies.
Profiling cookies are designed to create profiles relating to the User and are used to send advertising messages in line with the User’s preferences when surfing the Internet.
The consent of the interested party is required for the use of profiling cookies.
According to provision no. 229 of 8 May 2014 (Italian Law), the User must be able to authorise or deny consent to the installation of profiling cookies if they are present.
In the case of third-party cookies, the site has no direct control over the individual cookies and cannot control them (can neither install them directly nor delete them). The User can, however, manage these cookies through the settings of the browser (follow the instructions below), or the sites indicated in the “Cookies management” section.
The User is therefore invited to check the relevant cookie information on the website of the Third Parties.
Cookies have a duration dictated by the expiration date (or a specific action such as closing the browser) set at the time of installation.
Cookies can be:
- temporary or session “session cookies”: they are used to store temporary information, allow you to link actions performed during a specific session and are removed from your computer when you close your browser;
- permanent “persistent cookies”: they are used to store information, such as your name and password, so that you do not have to re-type them each time you visit a specific site. These remain stored on your computer even after you close your browser.
The so-called session cookies, once the connection to this website is terminated, are not stored. The computer systems used for this website use temporary cookies and permanent cookies.
Users can disable cookies on websites by downloading special software such as Ghostery (https://www.ghostery.com) for your browser and disabling the use of individual cookies. Or they can activate the “anonymous browsing” mode – this is a function that allows you to browse without leaving any trace of your browsing data in your browser. This function only allows you not to keep your browsing data in your browser. Alternatively, they can disable/delete cookies by accessing your browser’s configuration panel.
ACCEPTANCE AND WAIVER OF COOKIES